- Peak Season: Mid-June to August
- Shoulder Season: April to Mid-June and September to October
- Off-Season: November to March
Mid-June – August
Get ready for the sunny, long days, exciting nightlife, and the crowds that come with it. Here are crowds and intense heat.
To help keep your cool, here are some tips:
Don't follow the crowd
Go to the busy places as early or late in peak season as you can. Most cities look completely different depending on when you go. Most people visit famous cities at the height of the summer season so be sure to skip these cities on its peak. Florence on June 10 and Florence on July 10 are two very different experiences.Here are crowds and intense heat.
Although Europe’s tourist crowds can generally be plotted on a bell-shaped curve that peaks in July and August, there are exceptions. For instance, Paris is relatively empty in July and August but packed full in June and September for conventions and trade shows. Business-class hotels in Scandinavia are cheapest in the summer, when business travel there is down.
In much of Europe (especially Italy and France), cities are partially shut down in July and August, when local urbanites take their beach breaks. You’ll hear that these are terrible times to travel, but it’s really no big deal. You can’t get a dentist, and many launderettes may be closed, but tourists are basically unaffected by Europe’s mass holidays. Just don’t get caught on the wrong road on the first or fifteenth of the month (when vacations often start or finish, causing huge traffic jams), or try to compete with all of Europe for a piece of French Riviera beach in August.
Spend the night
Another trick to enjoy your favorite cities while avoiding the crowd is to spend the night in famous small towns such as Toledo (near Madrid), San Marino (near huge Italian beach resorts), and San Gimignano (near Florence). Small towns normally lack hotels big enough for tour groups and are often inaccessible to large buses.
Likewise, popular cruise-ship destinations, such as Venice and Dubrovnik, are hellishly packed during the day — but more bearable at night, when the cruise crowds sail off. These popular destinations take on a more peaceful and enjoyable atmosphere at night, when the legions of day-trippers retreat to the predictable plumbing of their big-city or beach-resort hotels.
Know the cities to go to during peak season
Travel in the peak season in Scandinavia, Britain, and Ireland, where you want the best weather and longest days possible, where the horrible crowds of other destinations are rare, and where sights are sleepy or even closed in shoulder season.
Scandinavia has an extremely brief tourist season — basically from mid-June to late August; I’d avoid it outside this window.
April to Mid-June | September – October
In shoulder season, you’ll enjoy decent weather, long-enough daylight, fewer crowds, and a local tourist industry still ready to please and entertain. It combines the advantages of both peak- and off-season travel.
Shoulder season varies by destination
Because fall and spring bring cooler temperatures in Mediterranean Europe, shoulder season in much of Italy, southern France, Spain, Croatia, and Greece can actually come with near peak-season crowds and prices.
For example, except for beach resorts, Italy’s peak season is May, June, September, and October — not July and August. As mentioned earlier, Paris is surprisingly quiet in July and August.
Forget summer, go during spring or fall if you can
Both weather and crowds are about the same in spring or fall. Mediterranean Europe is generally green in spring, but parched in fall. For hikers, the Alps are better in early fall, because many good hiking trails are still covered with snow through the late spring.
On a budget note, keep in mind that round-trip airfares are determined by your departure date. Therefore, if you fly over during peak season and return late in the fall (shoulder season), you may still pay peak-season round-trip fares.
November – March
Embrace the cold and explore beautiful destinations unencumbered by large crowds, long lines, and the intense heat.
Also known as the budget-friendly season
Off-season airfares are often hundreds of dollars cheaper. With fewer crowds in Europe, you may find you can sleep for less: Many fine hotels drop their prices, and budget hotels will have plenty of vacancies. And while some smaller or rural accommodations may be closed, those still open are usually empty and, therefore, more comfortable.
The opposite is true of big-city business centers (especially Berlin, Brussels, and the Scandinavian capitals), which are busiest with corporate travelers and most expensive off-season.
Enjoy having Europe all to yourself
Off-season adventurers loiter undisturbed in Leonardo da Vinci’s home, ponder Rome’s Forum all alone, kick up sand on lonely Adriatic beaches, and chat with laid-back guards by log fires in French châteaux.
In wintertime Venice, you can be by yourself atop St. Mark’s bell tower, watching the clouds of your breath roll over the church’s Byzantine domes to a horizon of cut-glass Alps. Below, on St. Mark’s Square, pigeons fidget and wonder, “Where are the tourists?”
Off-season adventurers enjoy step-right-up service at shops and tourist offices, and experience a more European Europe. Although many popular tourist-oriented parks, shows, and tours will be closed, off-season is in-season for high culture: In Vienna, for example, the Boys’ Choir, opera, and Lipizzaner stallions are in all their crowd-pleasing glory.
Come prepared for the cold and wet weather
Because much of Europe is at Canadian latitudes, the winter days are short. It’s dark by 5 p.m. The weather can be miserable — cold, windy, and drizzly — and then turn worse.
Pack for the cold and wet — layers of clothing, rainproof parka, gloves, wool hat, long johns, waterproof shoes, and an umbrella. Dress warmly. Cold weather is colder when you’re outdoors trying to enjoy yourself all day long, and cheap hotels can be cool and drafty in the off-season. But just as summer can be wet and gray, winter can be crisp and blue, and even into mid-November, hillsides blaze with colorful leaves.
Plan for shorter days and early closing
Make the most out of your limited daylight hours. Some sights close down entirely in the off-season, and most operate on shorter hours, with sunset often determining the closing time. Winter sightseeing is fine in big cities, which bustle year-round, but it’s more frustrating in small tourist towns, which can be boringly quiet, with many sights and restaurants closed down.
In December, most beach resorts shut up as tight as canned hams. While Europe’s wonderful outdoor evening ambience survives all year in the south, wintertime streets are empty in the north after dark. English-language tours, common in the summer, are rarer off-season, when most visitors are natives. Tourist information offices normally stay open year-round, but have shorter hours in winter. Search for:Search …